Forbes provided 10 tips for getting the most out of your charitable giving this year:
1. Be sure to itemize. The IRS requires that you itemize your charitable deductions each year on your 1040 so be sure to keep careful records.
2. Get a receipt. If you are giving property, be sure you get a written receipt from the organization and that it lists the items you have donated. If you are giving cash you need a receipt as well – either from the charity or a cancelled check or credit card receipt that includes the name of the charity.
3. Choose wisely. Not every charity is recognized by the IRS as an exempt organization. You can check by name at the IRS Exempt Organizations Select Check website.
4. Remember payroll deductions. If you give via a payroll deduction, your employer should furnish you with a record of your annual deduction.
5. Deduct value of incentives. If you receive something in exchange for your donation – even a coffee mug or a t-shirt – you are required to deduct the value of that item from the value of your donation.
6. Consider giving appreciated assets. You can receive a double benefit if you donate an appreciated asset like stock or real estate. If you have owned the asset for at least a year, you can deduct the fair market value and avoid paying any capital gains tax.
7. Understand what you can deduct. If you provide services to a charitable organization, you can deduct things like mileage or supplies, but you cannot deduct your time.
8. Document gift value. Non-cash items need to be documented in terms of the item’s condition in order to assess a fair market value. If your donation is worth more than $500, the IRS requires a written appraisal for fair market value.
9. Be aware of limits. Many people are not aware that there are limits on charitable contributions, which are tied to your adjusted gross income (AGI). If you give more than 20 percent of your AGI, then you may run up against these limits, which vary according to the gift (cash, non-cash items, appreciated assets).
10. Give by year-end. You will only receive deductions for those items or cash you give during the calendar year, so be sure you make your donation by Dec. 31. If you gift via check or credit card, you will receive the deduction as long as they are recorded by Dec. 31 – even if you don’t pay the credit card or the check isn’t cashed until 2014.